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Ethiopia is home to some of the wildest and most interesting habitats on the earth. Travelers to the country will enjoy a large variety of indigenous plant and animal species. The country is one of the favorite tourist destinations in the world for watching an astonishing range of wildlife. With 14 major wildlife reserves, Ethiopia provides a unique microcosm of tropical ecosystem. It offers an abundant bird life, indigenous animals, a land covered with flowers and native plants.


Ethiopia offers a number of peculiar mammals, and dramatic scenery, and amazing diversity of habitats that are hard to equal. While you can certainly see some of the larger and more obvious game animals such as lions and elephants in various regions of the country, the main attraction is the huge variety of smaller unique animals. Visitors can see lions, civet, serval, elephant, bush pig, gazelle, antelope, ibex, kudu, dik-dik, oribi, reedbuck, wild ass, zebra, hyena, baboon, and numerous species of monkey.


Ethiopia is best known for the enormous diversity and richness of its birdlife. The lakes in the Rift valley region have numerous species of birds.  According to researchers Ethiopia is one of Africa’s top birding destinations, housing over 30 endemic species, and a number of other regional specialties that cannot be easily seen anywhere else in the world.


Some sources indicate that there are 31 endemic species of mammals, meaning that a species occurs naturally only in Ethiopia. As of 2002, there were at least 277 species of mammals, 262 species of birds, and over 6,600 species of plants throughout the country. 


The Ethiopian Wolf is perhaps the most researched of all the endangered species in Ethiopia. There are multiple conservation organizations working towards persevering the Ethiopian Wolf, and supporting the World Wildlife Fund’s global conservation efforts. Several conservation programs are in effect to help endangered species in Ethiopia.