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Quick Facts about Ethiopia


  • Official name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE)
  • Government: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
  • Head of State: H.E. Girma Woldegiorgis, President
  • Head of Government: H.E. Meles Zenawi, Prime Minister


National Colours: Green, Yellow and Red

Land Area: 

  • 1.14mil Sq.kms (440.284 sq. miles)
  • 1.07 million sq. kms land 
  • 7.0 thousnad sq. kms water



  • Total Population: 76.5 million( July 2007 est.)
  • Rural population: 84.87%
  • Urban population: 15.13%
  • Growth rate: Total: 2.72%
  • Birth rate: 37.39 birth/1000 population
  • Death rate: 14. 67 deaths/1000population 



  • Amharic is the official language of the Federal Government. 
  • English is the medium of instruction at secondary schools, Universities and Colleges
  • Oromiffa, Tigrigna, Somali, Guragigna, Sidama, Afar are among the most widely spoken
  • Arabic, French and Italian are also spoken


Location: East Africa, Horn of Africa


  • Total length:  5, 311km
  • 337 kms with Djibouti
  • 1,626 kms with Somalia
  • 1,606 kms with Sudan
  • 830 kms with Kenya
  • 912 kms with Eritrea


Capital City: Addis Ababa

Dialing code: +251

Religions: Ethiopia is a Christian dominated country.

                 Other religions include Muslim, Catholics, Protestant, Jews, and traditional religions 

Economy: The economy is primarily based on agriculture.

Currency: 1USD = 17 Ethiopian Birr

The local currency is the Ethiopian Birr. 1 Birr = 100cents. 

Traveler’s cheques are best taken in US Dollars or Pounds Sterling. Cash is best taken in US Dollars. Some major credit cards are accepted at major hotels.


Electrical Power

  • Electric Power is 220V running at 50Hz. The Plug types used are:
  • Round pins with round grounding pin (offset) 
  • Round pins with round grounding pin (in-line)


GDP makeup (2006): 

  • Agriculture 46.7% 
  • Manufacturing 12.9%
  • Services 40.4%


Major Exports:

  • Coffee
  • Oil seeds and pulses
  • Hides and Skins
  • Livestock and Textiles


Major imports:

  • Machinery and Equipment
  • Industrial inputs
  • Pharmaceuticals and medical supplies