Ethiopia is a place full of historical attractions with beautiful countryside and many ruins. Attractions include Aksum, Harar, Lalibela, Debre Damo, Mekele and Gonder. Each area provides a new and unique experience to visitors.
Aksum offers historical journeys with many ruins, dating back to 800 BC. One example includes the previous settlement of Yeha. Yeha is the country’s pre-Aksumite foundation during civilization of Ethiopia. The Ark of the Covenant has become a very important part of the Ethiopian Orthodox tradition. This covenant is highly treasured, and has a profound effect upon the spiritual beliefs of the Ethiopians.
Another historical attraction is the city of Harar. The main attraction of the area is the Wall of Harar which holds symbolism in Islamic architecture. Harar serves as the holy city of the Muslim community with the greatest concentration of mosques.
Lalibela is an area in northern Ethiopia, which stands for soft, red volcano rock. The area was originally known by the name of Roha. Lalibela is one of the greatest wonders of the world architecture. Ethiopian civilization is illustrated at great depths. Churches are constructed out of the volcanic rock, which represent Jerusalem. To this day, each church is used as a place of worship.
Debre Damo is located in a remote mountain of Tigray region. It is unique from most monasteries of Ethiopia, and was built in 6th century A.D. It is made of curved wood ceilings that are painted, and walls that are dedicated to St. Aregawi. Historically, the “Nine Saints” came spreading the word of Christianity to Ethiopia. Priceless manuscripts within extensive collections remain today.
Mekele is another site deemed a historical attraction. Salt slabs are brought in using camel caravans. Merchants visit the market of Mekele from all over. Rock hewn churches, as well as a museum, are also important attractions within the area.
Gonder has history of war against Ahmed Gragn, a militant Muslim leader. Gonder as the capital of Ethiopia remained for two centuries as the political center full of culture. Through history, Prince Fasiladas built a castle during the time of restoration of peace to the area. The church was also reunited with the state during this time in history.
Each of the cities discussed provides opportunities to learn about Ethiopian history and development, and the wonders of the world. The view is breathtaking and full of richness.