Ethiopia is strategically located in the Horn of East Africa, on 3' and 14.8’ latitude 33' and 48' longitude. It is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti, and on the southeast by Somalia, on the south by Kenya, on the northwest by Sudan and on the southwest by South Sudan; with a total border length of 5,311 km. It is the 10th largest, the 3rd populous country in Africa. Its proximity to the Middle East and Europe, together with its easy access to the major ports of the region, enhances its international trade.
Ethiopia is truly the land of contrast and extremes, and has a variety of distinct geographical zones. It is a land of remote and wild places. The natural beauty of the countryside amazes first- time visitors. The physical aspect of the highlands is impressive. It is a land of rugged ill-defined mountains, broad savannah, lakes and rivers.
The country has a high central plateau that rises to 3,000 m above sea level. Above the plateau rise several irregular and unusual-shaped mountains. The highest mountain, Ras Dashen, reaches an altitude of 4,600 m (15,092 ft.) above sea level. The northern plateau gradually slopes to the lowlands of the west and the plains to the southeast.
Hikers love to explore this beautiful country which is marked by rugged mountains, wide spread Savannah grasslands and endlessly flowing lakes and rivers. Tissisat, the Blue Nile Falls, ranks as one of the greatest natural spectacles in Africa. Ethiopia’s great lakes and rivers allow any tourist to enjoy hiking, water sports and recreation. Unique mountain regions such as the Bale Mountains separated from the larger part of the Ethiopian highlands by the Great Rift Valley, offer an excellent opportunity for outdoor activities, camping and hiking.
The Rift Valley is one of the longest and most profound chasms in East Africa, and splits the plateau diagonally. It is a remarkable region of volcanic lakes, with their famous collections of bird life, great escarpments and stunning vistas. You will see areas of historically active volcanoes and the Afar Triangle - a triple junction where three earth plates are pulling away from one another.