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The Distinctive Architecture of Axum

Axum, also acknowledged as the Aksumite Kingdom, is known for its distinctive architecture in Ethiopia. It is a beautiful site to see as it contains much history for the region. The area has an estimated population of 48,000 people. The main ethnic group of the area is Tigire. Most of them are Orthodox Christians, while a small part of the population is Muslim.

The kingdom of Aksum was known for its marine trading power. Due to Islamic groups protesting trade routing, this power has slowly declined. Gradually the Kingdom was shifted to the Ethiopian Empire. When the population was forced south, the kingdom of Aksum was destroyed by Gudit.

Several distinctive architectural buildings remain in the area, and bring many tourists. The Dome and Belltower of the Church of Our Lady-Mary of Zion is one such building which was built in 1665. It is widely believed that Our Lady-Mary of Zion holds the “Ark of the Covenant.” Within this Covenant lie the “Ten Commandments,” as well as the “Tablets of Law.” 

There are other monuments in the town of Axum. Many of them lie in Northern-Stelae Park. The Great  Stelae is believed to have dropped during construction. One of the highest standing is King Ezana’s Stelae. The Stelae are known in history for marking graves, and also have distinctive architectural designs. Some weigh over 170 tons and are over 24 meters high. 

Other attractions include ethnographic museums, King Bazen’s tomb and the Bath of Queen Sheba. Abba Pentalewon and Abba Liquanos monasteries are also relevant during the period and still stand today. Rock art can also be viewed of the Lioness of Gobedra.

Axum is full of history and beautiful architecture. It is a wonderful tourist attraction for many to see. Visitors have the opportunity to see the Axum University, which was established in May 2006, and serves as center of development in the region.

The distinctive architecture of Axum should be placed as a significant touring adventure. The culture and traditions of the people are like no other, and you would gain a wonderful Ethiopian experience.